Thursday, December 20, 2018

Apapa Gridlock: Drivers Bath Inside Container, Defaecate in Takeaway Packs

The situation of the gridlock in Apapa has compel the truck drivers and their motor-boys to be living a very deplorable life. The infrastructure of Apapa, a major hub for government revenue generation was neglected for such a long time, and these have led to the need to do a major repair that is currently going at a snail speed for over a year. This has led to a very sharp decline in the non-oil export volume in Nigeria from 12% in Q1 to 3.6% in Q3 of 2018.

Our investigation revealed that a number of the drivers cannot go home even if they live in Lagos. They are forced to sleep in the truck because of thieves and vandals who will come and remove the truck battery and other valuable parts from the truck while they are away. They practically sleep with one eye opened so as to prevent these thieves from carrying out this kind of operation on their trucks under the cover of darkness. 

There was a case of one of the driver who has been on the road for more than 2weeks during which his wife delivered in Lagos and he had to tell them to go ahead and do the naming ceremony in his absence. This is because he cannot afford to leave the truck on the road and go home due to fear of theft and vandalization before he returns. 

It is also horrible to know that a number of the drivers have theirs baths inside empty containers at the back of the flatbed trucks. They had to get buckets and then arrange for water at different locations while in transit and use this to have their bath inside the empty containers. 

Since they had to eat and hence attend to the call of nature when necessary. These truck divers and their boys have turned the takeaway packs in which their purchased daily meals are served into the carrier of their faeces and these are dumped on the roadside or nearby bush.

The case of Apapa which has been neglected by successive administrations for many years has now constitute national disgrace which the current administration needs to give priority and tackle headlong in the shortest possible time so as to enhance the growth in non-oil export and hence the export proceeds inflow into the country. 

Bamidele Ayemibo

Thursday, December 13, 2018

Export Digest Newsletter - Global Export Near $19.6tr in 2018 Amid Slow Economic Recovery

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Please find below Nigeria's Foremost Trade Newsletter - Export Digest

In This Week's Edition of Export Digest Newsletter - Global Export Near $19.6tr in 2018 Amid Slow Economic Recovery 

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Wednesday, December 12, 2018

Non-Oil Export Drops To 3.4%, 2018 Banker’s Retreat Theme Timely

The recently released foreign trade data of the third quarter of 2018 by the National Bureau of Statistics showed that the there is a further decline in the non-oil export volume from 4.6% in Q2 to 3.4% in Q3 and this has made the renewed focus of Banker Committee on the growth of non-oil export to be timely. 

The Governor of the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN), Mr Godwin Emefiele has tasked the Managing Director of all Nigerian Banks on the need to grow the non-oil export proceeds to match and even surpass that of the foreign direct investment and foreign portfolio investment flowing into the Nigerian economy. He said this at the weekend during the 10th Annual Banker's Committee Retreat with the theme Export-Led Transformation Of the Economy - Engine For Sustainable Inclusive Growth. 

The programme had in attendance all Managing Directors of Merchant Banks, Developmental Banks and Commercial Banks in Nigerian including the management team of the CBN. The CBN Governor promised to do all within its power to stop all trade practices that are sabotaging the Nigerian economy and encourage all businesses that have the potential to create jobs and grow the volume of proceeds received from non-oil export done in the country. 

The current reduction in the price of crude oil in the international market coupled with the continuous reduction in the contributions of non-oil export to the total export volume from Nigeria attest to the fact that the focus of this year Banker’s Committee retreat is very timely. If the bankers present at the retreat will go back to their various banks to start implementing the lessons learnt, then we should expects to see an increase in the non-oil export volume from Nigeria in the incoming year. 

This renewed drive and commitment on the part of the CBN and Bank MDs to grow non-oil export volume in Nigeria has therefore made it necessary for Bankers that wants to be relevant in the new year and subsequent years to grow their skills and competence in Export Trade Finance and Export Business Management.

We will like to therefore present to bankers, from the American Institute of Extended Studies, the Executive Diploma in Export Trade Finance and Export Business Management. These are necessary certification and trade programmes that will help them strengthen their relevance and grow their careers as a marketer, risk managers and trade desk officers/managers in the Banking sector. 

The admission for the new batch is currently on going and the Lectures will start late January 2019. To be part of this programme please chat or call 08091244449 or send a mail to to get the registration form and prospectus.

Bamidele Ayemibo

Friday, December 7, 2018

Export Digest Newsletter - Nigeria Exported N113.4bn Goods to Vietnam in 2017

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In This Week's Edition of Export Digest Newsletter - Nigeria Exported N113.4bn Goods to Vietnam in 2017

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Monday, December 3, 2018

Export Digest Newsletter - How Nigerian States Can Generate Over N 100 Billion Revenue

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In This Week's Edition of Export Digest Newsletter - How Nigerian States Can Generate Over N 100 Billion Revenue
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Tuesday, November 20, 2018

MRG Model: How Nigerian States Can Generate Over N100Billion Revenue

The fact that a number of state governments are unable to pay salary in Nigeria for many months is no longer a news. What is amazing about this is the fact that these same states are located in different parts of the country that have huge mineral deposits which can be mined and processed for export. 

The state governments do not seem to understand where and how to generate huge revenue in this sector. They are busy arguing that the constitution should be amended to give them control so that the revenue like royalties from the sector can come to them. These royalties are just about 3-5% of the value of the products being mined which in my opinion is just a meagre amount when compared to what the state governments can benefit in terms of revenue from this sector. Some other states have started collecting fees (which is a few hundreds of thousands of Naira) from miners based on the minerals mined and shipped out of the state. All these are just shortcuts to revenue generation in this sector and these are nothing when compared to the potential revenues that states governments can derive from this sector. 

Since this article is primarily focused on exportation of solid minerals, I will like to highlight some of the minerals that are in high demand in the export markets and the states where they can be found in Nigeria ( I will like to also say that this list is really not exhaustive). These include: Lead & Zinc (Cross River, Ebonyi, FCT, Plateau, and Zamfara), Tin (Cross River, Kano, Kwara, Nassarawa and Plateau), Mica (Ekiti, Kogi, Kwara, Nassarawa, Ogun, Osun and Oyo), Manganese (Kenny, Zamfara and Katsina), Rutile (Plateau, Bauchi, Cross River and Kaduna), Wolframite (Baluchi, Kaduna, Kano, Niger, Nassarawa and Zamfara), Gemstones (Bauchi, Kaduna, Kwara, Nassarawa,Niger, Oyo and Plateau) Tantalite (Cross River, Ekiti, Kogi and Kwara), Columbite (Bauchi, Cross River, Kaduna, Niger, Nassarawa and Plateau), Lithium (Nassarawa, Niger and Zamfara), Gold (FCT, Kaduna, Katsina, Kebbi, Kwara, Niger, Osun and Zamfara). Others include Silver, Iron and Coal to mention a few.

The aim of this article is to show the Nigerian state governments in practical terms, where the income is in this sector and how they can develop an enduring structure to perceptually generate revenue from this sector. The model to be proposed in this writeup is not just a theory but a practical model that we are already using and current working in the Nigerian business environment. This model is called the 3T Impex MRG Model for federal and state governments. The MRG Model is a Mineral Revenue Generation Model for governments and it involves five phases which include: Investigations, Identification, Incorporation, Implementation and Income.

The Investigation phase of the MRG Model include searching for the various minerals in the states, confirm their exact locations, cadastral units and spreads, the estimated deposits and the proven deposits, uses of these minerals, what is required to process them into the secondary state, their market demands etc. Most of these preliminary information can be obtained from federal government ministry, departments and agencies in charge of solid minerals. Some of them can also be obtained from consultants in the industry. All these information are necessary before proceeding to the next phase. 

Upon conclusion of all the Investigations, then the state governments can begin the second phase of the MRG Model which is Identification. This involves using the information obtained during the search done at the investigation stage to narrow down the options of the minerals to explore and take an informed decision on which one to start with. The mineral being chosen at this stage should be the one that is not just available in large quantity in the state, but also have huge potential for export. This phase should also include identification of the owner of the mining site (if it has already been allocated), a local administrative partner and foreign technical partner that will work with the government on the project. Upon identification of the mineral to explore, export market with huge demand, credible local partner and competent foreign partner, we can them move to the next phase of the model.  

The third and critical phase of MRG Model is the Incorporation. The government needs to register a special purpose vehicle which must be a limited liability company in which the government, mining site owner, local administrative partner and foreign technical partner are all shareholders. In this alliance, the mining site owner should be given a share of about 10-20% of the income generated by the company based on his investments in securing and possibly exploring the mining site. The local administrative partner should be a consultant in the industry and should be the one to supervise the site activities, manage the business, source for local labour force, and possibly source for the foreign technical partner and should therefore be allotted a share of about 5-10% of the income of the company. The foreign technical partner is the one that will provide the machinery, equipment, take care of the cost of maintaining and managing the equipment, get the buyers abroad and competent personnel that will do the actual mining activities and should therefore be given about 30-40% of the income generated by the company. 

The state governments should be responsible for providing the title to the land for mining, feeding and accommodation for the workers, road infrastructure to the mining site, development of the community where the mining activities take place, warehouse for products and equipment, security for the personnel and products from the mine and should therefore be given 40-45% of the income generated by the company. All these should be documented in a shareholder agreement and joint venture agreement to be signed by all the parties.

The fourth phase of the MRG Model is the Implementation. This involves the actual business operations like building of infrastructure, warehouse and staff accommodation, arrival of the foreign partners, movement of personnel and equipment to site, provisions of security, signing of agreement with the community, mining activities, sorting, processing (if necessary), bagging, transport of the goods to the port and port logistics.

The fifth and the last phase of the MRG Model is the Income. This include the signing of purchase agreement with the buyer, opening of the export proceed account, pre and post export documentations, quality inspection, shipment and payment of export proceeds from abroad. The revenue sharing formula proposed at the Incorporation phase is just a suggestion based on our experience but the adoption or adjustment are subject to the parties involved. 

At this point, I will like to paint a picture that compares the Income of the MRG Model to that which is expected from just royalty or fees charge per truck load. Take for example a mine that produced 10,000MT of lead ore of 60% purity over a period of 12 months. The goods were transported to the port from the mine using about 333 Truckloads because each of the trucks is having a capacity of 30MT each. The local market price is N350,000/MT while the export price is $850/MT FOB Lagos. If the state charges a fee of N500,000 per truck (this price is much higher than what they currently charge), the state will only make an income of about N166Million from this mine. On the other hand, if the federal government charged a royalty of 5% (which is highest rate ) based on the local market price, it will only realise an income of about N175Million and if they shared this equally with the states (which is currently not the case), the state will only get about N87.5Million. 

However, with the 3T Impex MRG Model, the government together with other stakeholders in the joint venture will earn about N2.98Billion. This is based on the fact that the 10,000MT of lead ore were exported at the rate of $850/MT and using an exchange rate of N350 to 1$ the total income on this export transaction will come to about N2.98Billion. If the share of the state governments in this arrangement is 40% for example, this will mean that the amount that will accrue to the coffers of the state governments will come to about N1.19Billion. To make hundreds of millions from this arrangement, all the state needs to do is to scale up production to hundreds of thousand MT and then engage technical partner to process it to ingots. This is a lot of income being lost by the state because they are only focussing on a cheaper way of generating revenue instead of doing the hard work that will lead to an enduring income stream in this sector.

Finally, I want to unequivocally say that any state government in Nigeria that will embrace this model and implement them in about 3 to 5 joint venture agreements will soon become financially independent of the federal government in Nigeria. I will like to therefore call on all the state governments in Nigeria, especially those that are located in states where exportable solid mineral are found in commercial to reach out to the consultants and other relevant stakeholders in the mining industry in order to make this a reality in their various states.

Bamidele Ayemibo

Export Digest Newsletter - SON Releases Standards for Beans Processing

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In This Week's Edition of Export Digest Newsletter - SON Releases Standards for Beans Processing
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