Wednesday, December 9, 2009

Export Product Profile:Garlic

Description: Garlic (Allium sativum) belong to the family Alliaceae. It is second most widely used amongst cultivated Alliums after onion (Allium cepa). The crop consists of an underground bulb and above the ground vegetative part which consist of the leaves and flowers. The rooting system is fibrous while the bulbs comprise of small bulbils called
cloves, which are the vegetative propagating materials of the crop. Garlic has been used throughout recorded history for both culinary and medicinal purposes. It has a characteristic pungent, spicy flavor that mellows and sweetens considerably with cooking.

Harvest: Garlic is usually harvested in the summer months. The harvesting begins in July and picking can continue all the way through August.

Locations: Garlic has been in cultivation for many decades in Northern States of  Nigeria such as Kano, Sokoto, Borno, Bauchi, Kafanchan (Kaduna) Jigawa, Kastina and Zamfara.

Specifications and Export Price:
Variety: Normal white garlic, Pure white garlic
Size: 4.5-5.0cm, 5.0-5.5cm, 5.5-6.0cm, 6.0-6.5cm, 6.5-7.0cm
1) Garlic with purple, 

5.5cm up, packing in mesh of 20kgs, the price is USD150/MT FOB, USD195/MT FOB
6.0cm up, packing in mesh of 20kgs, the price is USD190/MT FOB , USD235/MT FOB
10 KGS 40 X 250 G (4 PIECES OF 6.0 CM) USD310/MT FOB
10 KGS 40 X 250 G (5 PIECES OF 5.5 CM) USD285/MT FOB
10 KGS 50 X 200 G (3 PIECES OF 6.0 CM) USD320/MT FOB
2) Pure white garlic

5.5cm up, 10x1kg , USD390/MT FOB
6.5cm up, 10x1kg, USD455/MT FOB 

Uses: Garlic is widely used around the world for its pungent flavor as a seasoning or condiment. The medicinal uses of garlic include vermifuge, antiseptic, diaphoretic, diuretic, stimulant and expectorant. It is also said to have great value when applied as a topical ointment to skin conditions such as acne or other types of pimples.

Export market: The United States is the world’s largest import market for fresh garlic, followed closely by Indonesia, France, Germany, Australia and Brazil.

Local price: The local price of garlic ranges from about N170,000 to about N210,000/MT, depending on the location of purchase and the period during its season.


  1. I am really interested in the exporting business, and will really want to start something almost immediately cuz i have access to this product. Pls i will be most grateful if u give me a clue on how to start.

  2. Thanks for your question, in order to be able to know how to assist you, kindly confirm to me via email ( capital you are willing to invest into the export business.

  3. Dele,
    Nice work. However, it seems there is a discrepancy. Local prices of garlic range from 170,000 per metric tonne yet the export price per metric tonne is at its highest $455??? $455 is not even up to half of 170k??

  4. This is what makes it uninteresting for export from Nigeria.

  5. Inetresting? if i buy at N170K per MT and am selling at $455/MT thats a Loss Sir! did u mean N70,000??

  6. Thats is why its not attractive for export. Thanks

  7. why are you telling us about exporting this product if we will incur losses exporting it?

  8. To help people that might be considering it think twice.