Wednesday, April 6, 2011

Product Profiles: Gum Arabic

Description: Gum Arabic (Acacia Senegal) Gum Acacia, also known as Gum Arabic, is a natural gum harvested from the exterior of Acacia trees in the form of dry, hard nodules up to 50 mm in diameter, and ranging from almost colourless to brown. Its unique properties endow it with a wide range of uses in food, beverage, pharmaceutical and industrial applications. There are over 1,100 Acacia species worldwide. However Acacia Senegal and Acacia Seyal are the most commercially exploited species. Nigeria has three grades of Gum Arabic; 
Acacia Senegal (grade 1) 
Acacia seyal (Grade 2)and 
Combretum (Grade 3).
The major Acacia utilized for commercial Gum Arabic production in Nigeria are Acacia Senegal and Acacia seyal. Nigeria is the 2nd largest producer of the crop in the world after Sudan with average production of 20,000 metric tonnes of all grades of Gum Arabic. In the year 2004, world production of Gum Arabic was put at 70,000 metric tonnes while Nigeria's production amounted to 18,935 metric tonnes with export earnings of US$88.08 million.
Harvest: Gum Arabic is harvested during the dry season because during the rainy season, no gum is formed since the trees are in full bloom. The dry season lasts from October to June and the gum is collected every 10 days during this period. After collection, the gum is brought from the farms and stands to villages from there it’s transported to market

Locations: Production of Gum Arabic covers 14 States of the Federation namely Borno, Yobe, Jigawa, Bauchi, Gombe, Taraba, Plateau, Adamawa, Sokoto, Kebbi, Katsina, Zamfara, Nasarawa and Niger with an estimated population of 4 million Nigerians engaged in its cultivation and trade.

% percentage
Total Ash
Acid Insoluble residue
0.4% max
Tannin Bearing Gums
E. Coli

Uses: Gum Arabic is used as thickener, suspender, emulsifier, stabilizer, flavour carrier, binder and encapsulating material. In addition, it is used in confectionaries, food, beverages, pharmaceuticals and chemical industries.

Export market: The major markets for the product are: Belgium, China, USA, U.K and Japan.

Export Price:
FOB price /MT
Grade I
Grade II
Grade III

Local price: The local price of gum Arabic ranges from about N100,000 in dry season during the harvest to about N250,000/MT in the rainy season, depending location of purchase, the grade and the period during its season.


  1. You blog has remained the most informative site on exporting in Nigeria for me. Please keep this going. I would like to know when your next training or seminar is coming up. I look forward to hearing from you thanks.

  2. Thanks, the details of the training have been sent to your box.

  3. I really like ur blog..have some questions do u knw the differentiating u say there price(don't get it ,is it in sack or or each)..I will like to knw more on gum arabic and sesame seed
    Haruna kabu

  4. Nice really inpress with this blog...but really don't know how to tell the differiance between the grade 1,grade 2 and grade 3..and the price is it in bag(sack) or each.And I will like to knw about ur semina(espicially on gum arabic and sesame side) thanks