Tuesday, May 17, 2011

Product Profile: Natural Rubber

Description: Natural rubber, Para rubber, Hevea Brasiliensis, is a commercial tree economically grown in plantations. Para rubber plant is useful for the latex that bleeds from the stem in the event of wounding. The product of the coagulated latex is rubber.  Rubber is important in the socio-economic life of many tropical developing nations, such as Nigeria and Brazil. Before the 60s, before the era of the oil boom, rubber was one of the agricultural commodities that were the main stay of Nigerian economy. The cultivation of rubber provided bulk employment for the people of the then Mid-West now known as the Edo and Delta states. However, rubber is not native to Nigeria. As the name suggests, it is an introduction from Brazil.

Harvest: The harvesting (Tapping) or rubber is done during the dry season. Tapping normally takes place early in the morning, when the internal pressure of the tree is highest. A good tapper can tap a tree every 20 seconds on a standard half-spiral system, and a common daily "task" size is between 450 and 650 trees. Trees are usually tapped alternate or third daily, although there are many variations in timing, length and number of cuts.

Locations: In Nigeria, Rubber is currently grown in Edo, Delta, Ondo, Ogun, Abia, Anambra, Akwa Ibom, Cross River, Rivers, Ebonyi and Bayelsa States where the amount of rainfall is about 1800 mm to 2000 mm per annum.

Specifications: Naturally coagulated rubber (cup lump) is used in the manufacture of TSR10 and TSR20 grade rubbers. The processing of the rubber for these grades is basically a size reduction and cleaning process to remove contamination and prepare the material for the final stage drying. The dried material is then baled and palletized for shipment.

A Typical Technical Specification of NSR (Nigeria Standard Rubber):

Dirt % wt
Ash % wt
Nitrogen % wt
Volatile matter % wt.
Po (Plasticity)

Uses: Because of its elasticity, resilience, and toughness, natural rubber (NR) is the basic constituent of many products used in the transportation, industrial, consumer, hygienic and medical sectors. Of these major end-use markets for rubber, transportation is by far the largest single sector, with tyres and tyre products accounting alone for over 50% of NR consumption. Truck and bus tires would represent the largest single outlet for NR, followed by automobile tires. General rubber goods for commercial and industrial use account for the balance. These non-tyre rubber items include industrial products (for example, transmission and elevator belts, hoses and tubes, industrial lining, and bridge bearings); consumer products (like golf or football balls and other recreational and sports goods, erasers, footwear and other apparel); and articles for use in the medical and health sector (notably, condoms, catheters and surgical gloves) as well as seismic materials (for instance, over 500 and 2,500 buildings are respectively fitted with seismic rubber bearings in China and Japan). Latex articles (typically condoms, gloves, threads, adhesives, and moulded foams) could be included in different categories in terms of end-use.

Export market: About 48% of the global demand for natural rubber comes from China, India and Malaysia which are three major natural rubber consuming countries within the ANRPC (Association of Natural Rubber Producing Countries) However, the major buyers of rubber from Nigeria include Canada, France, China, Netherlands, Italy, Germany, Malaysia, South Africa, Spain and United Kingdom.

Export Price: In general the FOB prices range from USD2,500-3,000 /MT depending on quality and time of year.


  1. Good-day,
    Am Wisdom Toju from Delta State, Nigeria.Before leaving Nigeria for United kingdom, I took some samples of TSR10 and TSR20 to source for a potential buyer. but it has not been easy as I envisaged it would be, I really need a professional advice to get business started.

  2. Hi Wisdom and thanks for your post. Sourcing for contract requires a systematic process, some skills and training are also needed to enable you familiarize yourself with trade terms, speak the language of the buyer, explore different contract sourcing options and also be more specific in your search.

    We have put this training on a DVD to enable people like you access them from anywhere in the world.

    Getting this product also enables you undergo a remote internship after listening to the training to enable you become grounded in contract sourcing.

    The product and the service afterwards costs just N30,000 (USD200) plus the courier charge of N15,000 (USD100).

    To get our account details you can call +234 803 6522 946 or send an email to info@3timpex.com.

  3. hi i own a big rubber plantation in the east and it been wasting ever since i am looking for companies that can help me to tap and maintain the plantation for me

  4. Hi Ohalete & others , I am looking for good quality NR TSR 10 & 20 from Nigeria for continuous buying arrangement. Please send me your contact details at rahulchawdhry1974@yahoo.com